The highest point of the city is at Kemnader Straße (Kemnader Street) in Stiepel at 196 metres above sea level; the lowest point is 43 metres at the Blumenkamp in Hordel.
The terrain of Bochum is characterised by rolling hills that rarely have more than three per cent graduation.
The Opel Astra is assembled at the Opel Bochum plant; however, by 2009, the factory was in serious financial difficulties In the course of a comprehensive community reform in 1975, Wattenscheid, a formerly independent city, was integrated into the city of Bochum. In 2007, the new synagogue of the Jewish community of Bochum, Herne und Hattingen was opened.
In 2008, Nokia closed down its production plant, causing the loss of thousands of jobs, both at the plant and at local suppliers.
After the war, the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia was established, consisting of the Rhineland and Westphalia. In the postwar period, Bochum began developing as a cultural centre of the Ruhr area.The Ruhr tributaries are the Oelbach (where as well a waste water treatment plant is established), Gerther Mühlenbach, Harpener Bach, Langendreer Bach, Lottenbach, Hörsterholzer Bach and the Knöselbach.The Ruhr in combination with upstream reservoirs is also used for drinking water abstraction.By the end of the war, 38% of Bochum had been destroyed.70,000 citizens were homeless and at least 4,095 dead.
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It was first officially mentioned in 1041 as Cofbuokheim in a document of the archbishops of Cologne.In 1321, Count Engelbert II von der Marck granted Bochum a town charter, but the town remained insignificant until the 19th century, when the coal mining and steel industries emerged in the Ruhr area, leading to the growth of the entire region.On , the city hall was hit, destroying the top floor, and leaving the next two floors in flames. On 4 November 1944, in an attack involving 700 British bombers, the steel plant, Bochumer Verein, was hit.Women with young children, school children and the homeless fled or were evacuated to safer areas, leaving cities largely deserted to the arms industry, coal mines and steel plants and those unable to leave.
Bochum was first bombed heavily in May and June 1943.; Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.It is located in the Ruhr area and is surrounded by the cities (in clockwise direction) of Herne, Castrop-Rauxel, Dortmund, Witten, Hattingen, Essen and Gelsenkirchen.Some 500 Jewish citizens are known by name to have been killed in the Holocaust, including 19 who were younger than 16 years old. Many Jewish children and those from other persecuted groups were taken in by Dutch families and thereby saved from abduction or deportation and death.Because the Ruhr region was an area of high residential density and a centre for the manufacture of weapons, it was a major target in the war.